ABDOMINAL EXPLORATORY LAPAROTOMY
This surgery involves the incision of the abdomen to examine the abdominal cavity and the organs In it. If deemed necessary, the doctor would proceed with performing other surgical procedures such as splenectomy, biopsy, cystotomy, gastrotomy, etc.
ANAL GLAND SACCULECTOMY
Anal glands are scent glands located at the 4 o’clock and 8 o’clock direction of the anus. Most dogs would require these glands to be expressed out at least once a month, otherwise infection could occur. If the infection is left alone, it could lead to more severe conditions such as anal gland impaction or abscessation. If it is deemed that the damage is too severe, the doctor would have to remove the affected anal gland/s via anal gland sacculectomy.
When foreign body obstruction occurs, your pet may display many symptoms, including inappetence, lethargy and vomiting. If you suspect that your pet has ingested something foreign, it would be best to bring them down to a clinic immediately to see if it could be induced out via emesis. However, if it has already been lodged in the intestines or stomach and it is not moving any further along, surgical removal of the foreign object would be required, gastrotomy if the foreign body is lodged in the stomach or enterectomy if the foreign body is lodged in the intestines.
Rectal prolapse is the condition where one or more layers of the rectum is displaced through the anus. If it is a complete prolapse, the rectal lining would be visible and protruding from the anus (a reddish mass). With a complete prolapse, treatment has to be performed to reduce the inflammation and any infection before the doctor replaces the prolapse back into the anus.
This surgery involves the complete removal of the spleen due to medical reasons such as splenomegaly, splenic tumour, etc.
GASTRIC DILATATION AND VOLVULUS SURGERY
Commonly known as bloat, gastric dilatation volvulus is a life-threatening disorder that may start simply as a simple gas dilatation in the stomach. However, if the bloat progresses into the volvulus, the whole stomach will be gas-filled and will twit upon itself, blocking both entrance and exit of the stomach. This would require immediate surgical attention, where shock treatment is given first to allow them to stabilise before surgical correction can be done.