Abdominocentesis is the removal of fluids from the abdominal cavity via a needle. The build up of fluids in the abdominal cavity, also known as ascites, can be caused by certain condition, though some common reason include liver failure and right-sided heart failure. Before performing the procedure, a radiograph is performed to determine the location of fluid accumulation. From there, the area of the body where the needle will be inserted, usually the umbilicus, is prepped and clean to ensure sterility when inserting the needle. After which, once the needle has been inserted, the fluids should stream out steadily. Usually no anaesthesia is required, at most gas sedation given to dogs that are restless.
Draining of abscess is performed when an abscess requires drainage. Local anaesthetic is given on the affected area to numb the pain when the needle is inserted. The abscess is then drained of any pus inside. After the drainage, medications are usually given to treat the infection that caused the abscess.
Draining of Aural haematoma is usually performed when surgical intervention is not an option for the pet, i.e. the pet is too sick to undergo surgery. Local anaesthesia is applied onto the affected ear before a small incision is made to drain the blood from the pinna.
If a wound is left untreated for too long, it may start to invite flies to it, causing the pest to lay their eggs in the wound and thus cause wound to become a maggot wound. This would have to be treated as soon as possible, as the pain and discomfort from an already infected wound, let alone a maggot wound would cause a lot of stress on your pet. If the pet is in a lot of pain and distress, slight sedation may be given to reduce it during the procedure. The wound will be flushed, and the maggots manually removed from the wound. Once we have confirmed that all maggots have been removed, the wound is flushed once more before the necessary medications and treatment is given.
Ticks are ectoparasites that feed on the blood of your pet dogs. Not only are they pest, but they are also hosts to many other parasites and diseases that can make your dog sick. Such diseases include Babesiosis, Anaplasmosis and Ehrlichiosis. If your pet is infested with ticks, they would need to be brought down to be deticked. They would have to be shaven down and the ticks manually and professionally removed before they are given a deticking bath. It is highly recommended for owners to have blood tests performed for their dogs to check on their reed blood cell levels as well as if they have caught any tick-borne diseases. Their homes should also be professionally cleaned so as to remove any existing ticks that may be lurking in the house.
FLUTD is most seen in male cats, where they are unable to urinate due to blockage. This is caused by a build up of crystalised minerals in the bladder that could easily get stuck in the urethra of the male cat, or a mucus plug covering the entrance of the urethra. This condition can be fatal if left untreated, thus it would be advisable to bring your cat down if you notice symptoms such as straining to urinate, frequenting the litter box but no urine seen. The cat would have to be sedated to prevent anymore stress and discomfort from their condition before the catheterisation is performed. Flushing with would be required if the blockage is severe, and owners would be advised to have a blood test run for their cat to check the condition of the kidneys.
Wounds can come in a lot of ways and on different areas of the body. So if your pet happens to have a wound, bring it down so that the wound can be treated before any surgical intervention in needed. The wound will be flushed and examined is there is any infection or if the wound to very deep before the vet can give any recommendations on what the next step should be.